Yalta Agreement Cold War

The three Heads of State and Government ratified the agreement of the European Consultative Commission, which defines the boundaries of the post-war occupation zones for Germany: three zones of occupation, one for each of the three main alliances. They also agreed to give France an occupation zone, cut off from the American and British zones, although De Gaulle later refused in principle to accept that the French zone be defined by borders established in his absence. De Gaulle therefore ordered the French forces to occupy Stuttgart in addition to the previously agreed territories that included the French occupation zone. It only withdrew when it was threatened with the suspension of important U.S. economic supplies. The world was not yet divided into two hemispheres of influence, but the Western powers were forced to accept Stalin`s role in the liberated areas of Soviet tanks. Central and Eastern Europe is now under the exclusive control of the Red Army. On the question of Poland`s post-war status, however, the hostility and mistrust between the United States and the Soviet Union that would characterize the Cold War was most evident. Soviet troops already controlled Poland, a pro-communist provisional government had already been installed, and Stalin insisted that Russia`s interests be recognized in that nation. The United States and Britain believed that the London-based non-communist Polish government-in-exile was the most representative of the Polish people. The final agreement simply stipulated that a «broader» government should be established in Poland. Free elections to determine Poland`s future were called at some point in the future.

Many U.S. officials were disgusted by the deal, which they said condemned Poland to a communist future. However, Roosevelt felt that he could not do more at the moment while the Soviet army occupied Poland. .

Sobre el Autor: Luis